Sinusitis (commonly known as a sinus infection) is inflammation, either bacterial, viral, allergic or autoimmune, of the paranasal sinuses.
signs and symptoms of sinus infection
It can be acute (going on less than three weeks) or chronic (going on more than three weeks). Sinusitis is one of the most common complications of the common cold. Sinus Infection symptoms include: Headache; facial pain; nasal congestion; fever; general malaise; thick green or yellow discharge; feeling of facial 'fullness' worsening on bending over.
Factors which may predispose to developing sinusitis include: allergies; structural problems such as a deviated nasal septum; smoking; nasal polyps; carrying the cystic fibrosis gene (research is still tentative).
diagnosis of sinus infection
X-rays may reveal thickening of the sinus lining. For chronic sinus infections, CT scanning is used. If allergy is suspected, allergy testing may be performed.
treatment of sinus infection
Therapeutic measures include simple painkillers (aspirin, paracetamol (acetaminophen) or similar), inhaling steam, hot drinks including tea and chicken soup, over-the-counter decongestants, and getting plenty of rest. If sinusitis doesn't improve within 48 hours, or is causing significant pain, one should see a doctor, who may prescribe antibiotics or nasal steroids. If left untreated, sinusitis can lead to bronchitis and pneumonia.
For chronic or recurring sinus infections, referral to an otolaryngologist is indicated for more specialist assessment and treatment, which may include nasal surgery.
A recent advance in the treatment of sinus infections is a type of surgery called FESS - functional endoscopic sinus surgery, whereby normal clearance from the sinuses is restored by removing the anatomical and pathological variations that predispose to sinusitis. This replaces the less effective Caldwell-Luc surgery.
Posted by Staff at May 21, 2005 4:02 PMblog comments powered by Disqus
I am looking for info on the habit of eating with ones mouth opoen, or smacking loudly. Our 11 year old has this problem, and with years of always telling her to eat quietly, she still does this. She does have allergies, and were wondering if this could be a medical problem. She seems to not be able to breath properly if she eats with her mouth closed. So we try to not get angry with her, but we need to know is this a habit, or could this be a medical problem, such as sinus or something along that line.
Would love any info you have, or at least point us in the right direction.
Thank you for your time.
Posted by: Bridget Smith at December 1, 2005 11:08 PM
I have been dealing with some tooth problems recently. I had one root canal redone and another is pending in the next couple of weeks. The tooth problems have been an issue since before thankgiving. About three weeks ago, I started to notice a moldy ammonia-like taste and smell when I eat...especially certain foods. It is becoming more pronounced. My doctor prescribed flownase and it does not appear to making a difference. I am scheduled for the last root canal within the next week and also am scheduled to see an ear, nose and throat specialist. Is there anything else that I can be doing? Thanks
Posted by: Tim at January 14, 2006 4:16 AM
Go see a doctor if it's a concern not a website.
Posted by: Travis at January 24, 2006 1:20 PM
I recently had a sudden dizzy spell with a nose bleed and headach on my right side. My ear became pluged. I sat down on the ground and it passed. Everything seems to have returned to normal with a slight sensitivity to the area. Do I have anything to be concerned.
Probably not, but it is worth having a physician check it out. In Chinese medicine it is a sign of imbalance. In Western medicine, it could be many things.
Posted by: liana at April 21, 2006 5:48 PM
for the past 2 years i have been getting earakes and headahkes post nasel drip. i hahe been to see my doctor 4 or 5 times he says it is my sinuses.im worried this could be the signs of a brain tumor. when i get these symptmms i et very tired
Posted by: john at August 21, 2006 5:47 PM