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The Medical Symptoms Staff.

Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disorder transmitted via a recessive gene. As a result of genetic dysfunction, red blood cells may change shape under certain circumstances. The odd shapes of blood cells may cause blockage of capillaries which deprives the downstream tissue of oxygen and causes ischemia and infarction.

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Neutropenia is the abnormally small number of neutrophil cells in the blood. Neutrophils are a granular white blood cell, the most common type of white blood cell. They are responsible for much of the bodies protection against infection. Patients with neutropenia are more vulnerable to bacterial infections.

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Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS, also known as Preleukemia) is a diverse collection of hematologic conditions united by poor production of blood cells. Often referred to as Pre-leukemia, if not treated Myelodysplastic Syndrome can result in "Secondary Leukemia."

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Hemochromatosis, is a hereditary disease characterized by improper processing by the body of dietary iron, which causes iron to accumulate in a number of body tissues. Eventually the excess of iron may cause organ dysfunction.

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Hemophilia is the name of any of several hereditary genetic illnesses that impair the body's ability to control bleeding and blood loss. Genetic deficiencies (or, very rarely, an autoimmune disorder) cause lowered plasma clotting factor activity so as to hinder blood-clotting.

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Hughes' Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome, or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, is a disease of coagulation (blood clotting), and causes thrombosis (clots) in both arteries and veins, as well as recurrent miscarriage. It is due to the autoimmune production of antibodies against cell membrane constituents. It is occasionally referred to as Hughes' syndrome after the rheumatologist Dr Graham R.V. Hughes.

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POEMS Syndrome

POEMS syndrome is an acronym for: Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, M-protein, and Skin changes. POEMS syndrome is very rare . It is also known as Crow-Fukase syndrome, Takatsuki disease, or PEP syndrome.

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Anemia (American English) or anaemia (Commonwealth English), which literally means "without blood," is a lack of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin. This results in a reduced ability of blood to transfer oxygen to the tissues. Hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein in the red blood cells) has to be present to ensure adequate oxygenation of all body tissues and organs.

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Von Willebrand's

Von Willebrand's disease is the most common hereditary coagulation abnormality in humans. It arises from a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a protein that is required for platelet adhesion.

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